Hysteresis is a preprocessor for E that can perform several tasks (described in details in the section about tasks:

  • detect theories (using the Meta Prover), obtaining - instances of algebraic theories (group, etc.) - rewrite rules on terms (to be oriented, see further) - pre-rewrite rules on formulas. See the section on pre-rewrite rules.
  • orient term rewrite rules with a LPO ordering, if such an ordering exists; the LPO is imposed on E so that the rewrite system if effectively enforced by E
  • encode (integer) arithmetic problems into rewrite problems, using a logarithmic base. This effectively transforms a TFA problem into a regular TFF problem that E can deal with [1].


Hysteresis can perform several tasks before yielding control to E:

Pre-rewrite rules

Pre-rewrite rules are rules that rewrite a literal/proposition into a formula. The most salient example so far is the magic lemma: provided a relation R(x,y,z) is functional (i.e. R(x,y,z) & R(x,y,z') => z=z' and R(x,y,f(x,y))) we can apply the rule R(x,y,z) z=f(x,y). This transforms ugly relations into nice equations that E can efficiently use for rewriting, especially given that many TPTP problems use the relational encoding of equations.

Rewrite rules

Equations on terms that are oriented left-to-right so that they decide some equational theory (group theory for instance). We try to find a LPO precedence that orient all the equations left-to-right, so that if E uses this precedence, it will effectively implement the rewrite system and normalize every term with it.

In particular this should be used for arithmetic, where we represent numbers with terms (in some binary or ternary base) and arithmetic operations with rewrite rules on those terms.

To orient rules with a LPO ordering we use Aez and the encoding of [Codish].


[1]It doesn’t mean E will easily solve problems, but that it has a chance to do so.
[Codish]Solving Partial Order Constraints for LPO Termination, Codish & al.